It may be a simple effort to figure out what’s causing pain in the back of the knee, or it could be more difficult. A doctor who has studied medicine can use hints to figure out how to treat knee discomfort. Some of these hints are about ourselves (how old have you been? What kinds of activities do we perform? ), as well as a little about your symptoms (has your knee pain been going on for a while? Was there a new injury to deal with?).
Here are some common knee pain symptoms that individuals have reported, as well as what these symptoms might suggest about the cause of your knee discomfort.
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The site of the pain is:
- Pain at the front of the knee is frequently linked to pain in the knee cap. Kneecap pain can be caused by a variety of different issues.
- Inside of Knee: Middle meniscus tears, MCL injuries, and arthritis are the most common causes of pain on the inside, or middle side, of a knee.
- Outside of Knee: Parallel meniscus tears, LCL injuries, IT rope tendonitis, and arthritis are the most common causes of pain on the outside side of the knee, or parallel side.
- Back of Knee Pain: A Baker’s Cyst is a collection of fluid in the back of the knee.
- While walking down the stairs: Pain while walking down the stairs is frequently associated with kneecap issues such as chondromalacia.
- Morning discomfort: Early arthritis patients commonly experience pain after first waking up to a dawn, which quickly subsides with a calm awakening.
Knee swelling is seen with a variety of opposing knee issues. A major injury to an inner corner structure, as to a maiden cruciate vinculum or a detonation of a shin bone tip, is a likely cause of effusion right quickly after a knee injury. It’s thought that if swelling develops gradually over hours to days following an accident, it’ll be something serious, like a meniscus rupture or a vinculum sprain. Swelling caused by a well-known injury can be caused by osteoarthritis (common), gout (less common), inflammatory arthritis, or a corner infection (uncommon).
A number of common diseases might affect a knee’s mobility. Arthritis is a common way of limiting movement in those who have it for a long time. When a corner’s appearance changes as a result of arthritis, the corner’s movement may be restricted. There is predicted blossoming tying a motion, or a ripped have up that is tying a mobility, if a mobility is solitary following an abrasive damage.
A ligament that connects a shin bone (tibia) to a thigh bone is responsible for a knee’s toughness (femur). When ligaments are stretched or torn, the knee may feel as though it is still giving way beneath the patient. A prodigy is a common indication of vinculum damage, in which the knee gives out from below us.
Inside-knee popping and biting is frequent, and it’s usually not a symptom of a serious condition. When a pop is harmless, there is usually no issue; however, unpleasant pops and snaps should be reviewed by your doctor. When a ligament, such as the ACL, is torn, a cocktail is usually listened to or felt. Grinding or crunching is a common symptom of cartilage damage. A crushing feeling is typically felt by pressing a hand over a kneecap as well as twisting a knee if cartilage is shop-worn – a condition called chondromalacia. Knee arthritis may produce a severe sensation in the same way.
When a student can’t hook or straighten their knee, it’s called locking. The locking might be caused by a physical constraint on the knee, or by a disease that prevents normal knee mobility. Speaking up a knee with a narcotic drug is one way to see whether there is something physically restraint knee suit. After a treatment has taken effect, we can try to hook a knee to see if the pain was caused by a suit or if there is a structure preventing normal motion, such as a tear meniscus.
Taking a Look at a Knee:
A correct listening of a knee joint is required to determine a cause of knee pain. Learn how your alloy can examine your knee to determine the source of your discomfort and what tests may be performed to arrive at a diagnosis.
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Causes for pain in the back of the knee
Knee suffering is an intensely usual complaint, as great as there have been many causes. It is critical to have an correct diagnosis of the means of your symptoms so which suitable diagnosis can be destined during the cause. If we have pain in the back of the knee, the little usual causes include:
Arthritis is between the many usual causes of pain in the back of the knee, as great as there have been many treatments available.
2- Ligament Injuries
Ligament injuries ordinarily start during jaunty activities as great as can means annoy as great as instability. Such as: Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury
3- Cartilage Injuries | Meniscal Tear
Cartilage tears have been seen in immature as great as aged patients alike, as great as have been additionally an intensely usual means of knee pain in the back.
4- Dislocating Kneecap
A dislocating kneecap causes strident symptoms during the dislocation, though can additionally lead to ongoing pain in the back of the knee.
5- Baker’s Cyst
A Baker’s protuberance is flourishing in the behind of the knee, as great as is customarily the pointer of an additional underlying complaint such as the meniscus tear.
6- Biceps femoris tendonitis
Another of the muscles on the back of the leg, specifically on the back of the thigh, is the biceps femoris. It has two parts, on the one hand there is the long head, which is attached to the ischium (the lower and rear part of the hip bone), and the short head, which is attached to the femur bone.
Both allow knee flexion, but the long one, which is higher up, also helps extend the hip. When the knees are semiflexed, the biceps femoris promotes external rotation.
If you are a runner, it is possible that this muscle is damaged and this can cause pain and swelling in the area where the tendon inserts into the bone, that is, in the part behind the knee.
Pain is usually felt when bending the knee or when just exercising. The best for this injury are massages that help relieve pain and good stretching before playing sports.
The many usual bursa influenced around the corner is usually upon top of the kneecap. This is many usual in people who kneel for work, such as gardeners or carpet layers.
8- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter mildew is the condition seen in teenagers as great as is due to the exasperation of the expanded image usually during the front of the joint.
9- Overload behind the knee
Another reason that can cause pain in the back of the knee is an overload in one of the muscles in the back of the leg. There are two: the gastrocnemius (which are the famous twins) and the soleus. Both join with the Achilles tendon.
These muscles have several functions and work hard when you run and stride, but they are also vital when your feet contact the ground, making the impact less and equally distributed. This is what can cause an overload of the gastrocnemius that can often end in tendonitis, which would cause pain behind the knee due to inflammation.
10- Osteochondritis Dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is an additional condition seen in teenagers due to the expansion of the bone around the joint.
Gout is an odd means of knee pain. However, in patients who have the diagnosis of gout, it contingency be deliberate as the means for latest conflict pain in the back of the knee.
12- Popliteus injury, a common cause of pain behind the knee
If, in addition to having discomfort behind the knee when walking, what you feel is pain behind the knee when bending and stretching it, for example when taking longer strides, and if it is also accompanied by a burning sensation, it may be this disease. You can also recognize it because when palpating there is a muscular lump or contracture in the entire sinking of the area.
The popliteus is a muscle that sits just above the calf, behind the knee and above the calves. It is very small and short and in fact, not many people know about it until it is injured. However, this little muscle, sometimes forgotten, has its function. For example, when the knee is extended, the popliteus is responsible for initiating flexion. In addition, it maintains the balance of the knee and makes it stable.
If you go for a run regularly, you will know that this exercise makes the legs have a great impact. This muscle is also involved in this striding movement. The constant impacts it receives can cause the popliteus muscle to become overloaded, which could lead to stiffness and lack of elasticity. This will cause the tendon to become inflamed and tendinitis in the area or popliteal tendinitis will occur , causing great pain in the knee , especially in the back. If you feel severe pain, especially when doing squats or when running downhill, it may be this ailment.
When exercise is continued and physical activity is not reduced, then knee tendonitis could become chronic. That is why it is important that if you notice discomfort, you lower the pace and, above all, reduce the intensity of the training.
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When do we need to call your docotr about your pain in the back of the knee?
If we’re not sure what’s causing your symptoms, or if we don’t have a precise diagnosis or treatment plan for your disease, we should seek medical help. Knee treatment, if necessary, will be determined by the specifics of your issue. The alloy should be aware of the following signs:
- Inability to go on the affected side without being influenced
- Injury that results in a swelling around the joint Knee pain that arises at night or when resting Knee pain that lasts for a few days
- Knee locking (inability to bend)
- Swelling in the calf or corner of the leg
- Fever, redness, and warmth are all signs of infection.
- Any other unexpected symptoms?
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Treatments for Pain in the back of the knee
Treatment of knee pain in the back depends wholly upon the means of the problem. Therefore, it is critical that we understand the means of your symptoms before embarking on a diagnostic program. What if we’re not sure of your diagnosis? We must find a recommendation for recovery before starting any diagnostic plan.
Some usual treatments for how to relieve pain in the back of the knee have been listed here.
Not all of these treatments have been suitable for each condition, though they might be beneficial in your situation.
The initial diagnosis for many usual conditions which means knee suffering is to rest the joint, as great as concede the strident inflammation to subside. Often this is the usually step indispensable to soothe knee pain. If the symptoms have been severe, crutches might be beneficial as well.
2- Ice as great as Heat Application:
Ice packs as great as feverishness pads have been between the many ordinarily used treatments for knee pain. So which the single is the right the single to use, ice or heat? And how prolonged should the ice or feverishness treatments last? Read on for some-more report about ice as great as feverishness treatment.
3- Stretching to relieve pain in the back of the knee:
Stretching the muscles as great as tendons which approximate the corner can assistance with the little causes of knee pain. A great slight should be established, as great as following the little specific suggestions will assistance we upon your way.
4- Physical Therapy:
Physical care is an critical aspect of diagnosis of roughly all orthopedic conditions. Physical therapists operate opposite techniques to enlarge strength, recover mobility, as great as assistance lapse patients to their pre-injury turn of activity.
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5- Anti-Inflammatory Medication:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Commonly referred to as NSAIDs, these were just a few of the many commonly prescribed medications. It is also generally used for patients with knee problems such as arthritis, bursitis, and tendinitis.
6- Cortisone injections:
Cortisone is the absolute remedy which treats inflammation, as great as inflammation is the usual complaint in patients with knee pain. Discuss with your alloy the probable benefits of the cortisone injection for your condition.
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Frequently asked questions about pain in the back of the knee
Here, you can find answers to the most commonly asked questions about symptoms associated with pain in the back of the knee.
What causes pain behind the kneecap?
Pain behind the kneecap is usually caused by a problem with the cartilage that lines the back of the kneecap. It can be Runners Knee, where a problem with the patella slipping causes friction and pain behind the kneecap.
In teens, pain behind the kneecap is often caused by chondromalacia patella, a condition in which there is thinning of the cartilage on the back of the kneecap.
What causes stiffness behind the knee?
Strain behind the knee is often caused by tightness in the hamstring or calf muscles. The hamstring muscles run down the back of the thigh and meet behind the knee, and one of the calf muscles, the gastrocnemius, arises from the back of the knee and runs toward the heel.
Tension in these muscles is a common problem, particularly in men, and makes the back of the knee feel very tight. Simple knee stretches are the best way to treat tension.
What causes swelling in the back of the knee?
Swelling behind the knee is most commonly caused by a Baker’s cyst. Excess fluid in the knee joint, usually due to knee injury or arthritis, leaks out the back of the joint.
This fluid fills the semimembranous bursa and causes swelling behind the knee. It often looks like there is a scaly orange behind the knee.
What causes sharp pain in the back of the knee?
If you’re a runner, sharp pain in the back of your knee often indicates a problem with your hamstring tendons, such as tendinitis. And if you do a lot of cycling, a sharp pain behind the knee is usually caused by tendonitis in one of the calf muscles, the gastrocnemius.
If you recently sprained your knee or had a fall, then a torn meniscus is probably causing the sharp pain.
What causes pain behind the knee when bending?
The most common cause of pain behind the knee when bending is a Bakers cyst. This is when there is inflammation of the semimembranous bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that sits at the back of the knee.
If the bursa becomes inflamed, every time you bend your knee, the bursa is crushed, causing posterior knee pain.
What causes pain behind the knee when straightening the leg?
The most common cause of knee pain when you straighten your leg is a torn meniscus, especially if you’ve been sitting or squatting for a while.
When the knee is straightened from a bent position, the torn and inflamed portion of the cartilage is crushed in the joint, causing pain in the back of the knee.
What causes pain behind the knee after sitting?
Pain behind the knee after sitting for long periods is often caused by arthritis. When we stand still, the fluid that lubricates the knee joint dries up slightly, so when we stand up, there is less cushioning.
The wear and tear associated with arthritis means you can end up with your knee bones rubbing together, causing pain. Once you get up and move around, the joint produces more synovial fluid, so after a few minutes of moving around, the pain eases.
What is the best treatment for knee back pain?
The best treatment for back knee pain will depend on the cause of the pain. Generally, the first step is to reduce any swelling, then work on exercises to improve knee strength and stability to reduce the force going through the knee joint.
Do you want to know more?
The fact that there is pain in the back of the knee does not necessarily mean that the problem is there. The pain can refer to different places, so a problem around the front of the knee can produce a sensation of pain in the back knee.
Remember, the best way to accurately diagnose the cause of your pain behind the knee is to see your doctor.
I’m Kyrillos Mina, CEO and founder of Fitoont. I work as a physiotherapist, I created this platform to treat people with all the diseases and symptoms that physical therapy treats. In addition, I will provide tips to lose weight through diet and exercise plans.